Top 10 Best programming languages in 2020-2021

Top 10 Best programming languages to learn in 2020-2021

We are leaving in the digital word here computer plays a very big role and today, computers have entered in almost every industry. The thing behind computer is “The Computer programming language“. The best programming language is the hidden feature behind every software, web and digital application we use these days.
Many IT jobs require a good knowledge of a programming language. If you’re trying to advance in your career or change careers completely, you might thinking which one to learn. There are hundreds of programming languages in widespread use, each with its own complexities and advantages. Therefore, it becomes quite difficult to choose the best one for your next project or startup.

The good news is that in this article, we have tried to list out the top 10 best programming languages of 2020-2021 or future, based on the data from different metrics, such as popularity, demanding, trends, career-prospects, open-source, etc. So you want to make the right choice from the start.

1. Python 

Python, which is an open-source, dynamic programming language, has registered most of its growth only in the past few years. The language is mainly popular because of it’s easy to learn and read coding structure, especially the Whitespace indentation feature.
It is a popular and best programming language for Machine Learning and deep learning applications. Python is one of the most commonly used to develop 2D and 3D animation packages like Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. It has also used to create video games . A python provides a great starting point for beginners. Many popular apps, including Reddit, Instagram, and YouTube, have been built using Python.

Pros :
Very easy to use and learn
Extensive library support
Ideal for building prototypes and testing out ideas faster
Open-source with an ever-growing community support

Cons:
Do not support mobile computing
Slower by virtue of being an interpreted programming language
The database access layer is somewhat immature

2. Java

Java is one of the best open-source programming language used to create server-side applications, has been in large demand because of its applications in the development of apps for the web, mobile and smart devices. Most commonly used in the development of client-server applications, which are used by large businesses around the world. The application written in Java can run on any platform that supports. As a result, it is described as the “write once, run anywhere” programming language.

Pros :
Plenty of open-source libraries are there
Automatic memory allocation
Follows the OOP paradigm Ideal for distributed computing
Provides APIs for achieving various tasks including XML parsing,
database connection and many more.

Cons:
Absence of templates limits creating high-quality data structures
Expensive memory management
Slower than natively compiled programming languages, like C and C++

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is a web development language which is mainly known for dynamically adding interactive elements to the web applications and browsers. Many developers prefer JavaScript for front-end development.
It can also be used to create animations ,games ,communication applications and control for the web interface. Another benefit is its support for all modern browsers. JavaScript can also be used for backend development with the help of Node.js.

Pros :
Known as the programming language of the web
It runs immediately within the web browser as there is no compilation requirement
Highly multipurpose languages
Reduced website server demand by virtue of being client-side
Ability to make wide-ranging range of applications

Cons:
Absence of copy or equivalent method
Allows only single inheritance
Might be interpreted differently by different browsers

4. C/C++

C is probably the oldest commonly used programming language, and it is the root of other programming languages such as C#, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is an enhanced version of C. Many developers today skip learning C on its own, while others think learning C first provides a valuable foundation for C++ development. Both languages are widely used in computer science and programming. C and C++ developers can make use of compilers for a wide variety of platforms, making applications developed in these languages largely transportable. Both C and C++ are considered high-performance languages. As such, they are widely used in developing applications where performance is a critical issue, such as client/server applications, commercial products such as Firefox and Adobe, and video games.

Pros:
A galore of compilers and libraries to work with
Eases accessing blocked or hidden objects by other programming languages
Faster execution of programs than most programming languages
Forms the basis for understanding more complex programming languages
Programs are more efficient and easy to understand
Rich function library

Cons :
Complex syntax
Less well-organized object-oriented system
Absence of dynamic memory allocation or garbage collection
Absence of run-time checking
Less efficient object-oriented system compared to other OOP-based programming languages

5. C# Programming language

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft and easy to learn programming language, which is fast, secured and full of rich libraries that make it the next best choice after C++. Its first version was released in the year 2001 and uses Syntax that is almost similar to C. It is fully combined with .NET and has high easy integration with Windows Operating Software. C# language can be applied in creating VR Games, Windows 8 & 10 and in Game Development.

Pros :
Component-oriented, object-oriented programming language
Follows a syntax similar to the C programming language
Fully integrated with the .NET library
Ideal for all types of Windows development
Rich sets of library functions and data types
Quick compilation and execution times

Cons :
Permits pointers in ‘unsafe’ blocks
Provides less flexibility as compared to C++
Requires decent effort and time to learn

6. R

R is a programming language developed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka in 1993. The name “R” was taken from the first letter of the names of its developers. It runs on all operating systems including Linux, Windows, and Mac OS. It is an open source language. R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning, It provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms and R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics, It has been well adopted by enterprises.

Pros :
Being open-source and free grants the ability to make tweaks as per the requirements
Comprehensive statistical analysis language
Highly extensible
Powerful package ecosystem

Cons :
Lacks security features
No strict programming guidelines
Poor memory management
Quality of some packages is subpar

7. PHP

PHP stands for Hypertext Pre-processor language. It is a server-side scripting language and used to developing Static websites or Dynamic websites or Web applications. Very easy to learn, and independent of platform and OS
It was first developed as a web development language but is now used as a general-purpose programming language for various tasks. PHP has been so far used in the development of over 200 million websites, including the likes of Facebook, WordPress, and Yahoo.

Pros :
Plenty of influential frameworks
Very simple to use for developing web pages
Lots of automation tools for testing and deploying applications
Enormous community support

Cons :
Lacks in terms of security
Very Bad error management
Requires extensions to a larger amount

8. Swift

Apple developed swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications. An open-source programming language that is easy to learn, Swift supports almost everything from programming language Objective-C. It takes less coding compared to other programming languages, and it can be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Blue mix. Swift is used in popular iOS apps like WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, Sound Cloud.

Pros :
very fast when compared to other programming languages.
Automatic memory management , that prevents memory leaks
It is backed by Apple
Integrate Server-side Swift with any technology
Have a better scalability

Cons :
Do not have much community support
Limited resources
No support for legacy projects
can be used only for iOS7 or later apps

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9. Go

Go was developed by Google to be an efficient, readable, and secure language for system-level programming. It works well for distributed systems, in which systems are located on different networks and need to communicate by sending messages to each other. While it is a relatively new language.
Internet of Things or IoT is one of the major technologies in demand in 2020. Google Go plays the lead role in the development of IoT platforms. Inbuilt concurrency, platform compatibility, full hardware utilization are some other important features of Go Programming Language. Companies using Go for certain applications include Netflix, Twitch, and Uber.

Pros :
Support By Google
Large standards library and extensive documentation
Ideal for building SPAs (single-page applications

Cons :
Implicit interfaces
Lacks versatility
No GUI library

10. Dart

Dart is a client-optimized programming language for apps on multiple platforms. It is developed by Google and used to build mobile, desktop, server, and web applications. Dart is an object-oriented, class-based, garbage-collected language with C-style syntax.
Dart can be extensively used to create single-page applications. Single-page applications apply only to websites and web applications. Single-page applications enable navigation between different screens of the website without loading a different webpage in the browser. A classic example is Gmail.

Pros :
Backed by Google
Great Standard Library
Number of tools available while developing with Dart
Twice the speed of JavaScript
No Compile Time in development

Cons :
Difficult to use some JavaScript Libraries
At present does not generate expandable JavaScript
A small community, little momentum

 

 

 

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